Scientific Tree invites all the automobile engineers, electrical engineers, electronic engineers and safety engineers, chemical engineers, petroleum engineers, diesel engineers, engineering college professors across the nations to submit their Abstracts before the deadline ends. Kindly submit your abstract. There are altogether 20 sessions on Automobile Engineering . Choose your calling and please submit your abstract relevant to the conference or session
Automobile Design and Manufacturing is the process of design, appearance, developing, and manufacturing the ergonomics of motor vehicles, including automobiles, motorcycles, trucks, buses, coaches, and vans. The functional design and development of a modern motor vehicle is typically done by a large team from many different disciplines included within automotive engineering. Automotive design in this context is primarily concerned with developing the visual appearance or aesthetics of the vehicle though it is also involved in the creation of the product concept. Automobile design and manufacturing comprises of three main aspects such as exterior design, interior design, and color and trim design including graphic design. This session discusses more about research and development in automobile design and manufacturing processes.
Engine brakes are used in heavy duty and commercial vehicles such as like semitrailers and buses to increase speed control. Braking causes friction, which in turn causes heat. Too much heat like what is produced when a big rig tries to maintain speed and control on steep downhill grades, can cause brakes to overheat and fail. Engine brakes reduce the occurrence of brake failure by using the engine to slow the rig. They increase the effectiveness of braking, save money by reducing wear and tear on the tires and brake system, and increase safety. Though engine brakes are a very important component to maintaining safety on the open road, they are often met with opposition in populated areas. This session discusses more about engine brakes, exhaust brakes and the latest developments in automotive engine and braking system.
The drivetrain of a motor vehicle is the group of components that deliver power to the driving wheels. Drivetrain was created by its creator Sir Alec Issigonis. Drivetain, a small engine transversely sideways found under the hood, mounted the transmission and differential in one unit called a transaxle, and installed that underneath and to the rear of the engine. This excludes the engine or motor that generates the power. In contrast the powertrain is considered to include both the engine or motor and the drivetrain. Whether you drive a 500-hp sports car or a 96-hp economy hatchback, all that potency under your car or truck's hood is useless if the engine's torque doesn't get to the drive wheels through a complex maze of gears. Because the front wheels must steer as well as propel they are connected to the axle halfshafts via complex universal joints, called constant velocity joints, which can transmit power smoothly while severely articulated.
The objective of Autotronics is to develop and understand the principles of conversion in design, construction and working of mechanical systems and electronic systems in automobiles. The aim is to produce graduates with a broad understanding of all contextualized elements related to the electronic environment. This session discusses in detail the basics of automobiles, understanding of mechanical analysis and design combined with the advancement of sensor and microcontroller technology as well as standardization of communication protocol. The session also discusses the technologies for remote control in-circuit repairs, ECUs of airbag, immobilizer, Engine, ABS, body control module, instrument cluster, throttle body, info display, and many more developments.
All-Electric and Hybrid Propulsion Systems have come a long way. To design more efficient and versatile ships has increased the variety in hybrid propulsion and power supply architectures. In order to improve performance with these architectures, intelligent control strategies are required while mostly conventional control strategies are applied currently. Ship propulsion topologies into mechanical, electrical and hybrid propulsion, and power supply topologies into combustion, electrochemical, stored and hybrid power supply needs to be classified. Reviewing developments in propulsion and power supply systems and their control strategies, to subsequently discuss opportunities and challenges for these systems and the associated control should be done. This session discusses trends in application of propulsion and power supply technologies and advanced control strategies.
Vehicle Safety System deals with the advanced driver-assistance systems in automobile industry. Such vehicle safety systems are developed to ensure the safety and security of automobiles and passengers. The initial safety features were the safety glass, four-wheel hydraulic brakes, seat belts, and padded dashboards. Some of the systems include crash proof technology, disc brakes, and anti-lock braking system, car-to-computer communication devices which utilize GPS tracking features, geo-fencing capabilities, remote speed sensing, theft deterrence, damage mitigation, the radar assisted adaptive cruise control, driver drowsiness detection systems, and vehicle-to-vehicle communication. Driver drowsiness detection is a safety system in the vehicles that helps avoiding accidents caused by drowsiness of the driver. This safety system monitors the steering pattern, vehicle position in lane, driver's eye or face and the physiological measurements like brain activity, muscle movement and heart rate through sensors. This session discusses more of the safety measures in place and the latest developments.
Noise, Vibration and Harshness Control systems should be in place to contain noise pollution. Noise, vibration, and harshness deal with the study and modification of the noise and vibration characteristics of vehicles, particularly cars and trucks. While noise and vibration can be readily measured, harshness is a subjective quality, and is measured either via jury evaluations, or with analytical tools that can provide results reflecting human subjective impressions. Interior noise deals with noise and vibration experienced by occupants of the cabin; while exterior noise and vibrations are concerned with the vehicle and environment. The noise in vehicles is classified as aerodynamic such as wind, cooling fans of HVAC; mechanical such as engine, driveline, tire contact patch and road surface, brakes; electrical such as electromagnetically-excited acoustic noise and vibration coming from electrical actuators, alternator or traction motor in electrical cars. This session discusses more about noise, vibration and harshness control systems.
Automobile Manufacturing and Material Sciences go hand in hand in developing latest sophisticated spare parts for automobiles. Advanced materials for automobile manufacturing are helping automakers build lighter, more fuel-efficient vehicles. With the lighter and stronger steel, aluminum, and magnesium components, the current crop of cars and trucks can meet stringent crash safety standards. Material Sciences should help automobile manufacturing in improving the fuel economy and should also be environment-friendly. Proponents for newer high-strength metals all make the case for using their respective materials in automobiles of the future and each has its strengths and weaknesses. While accounting for a much smaller relative percentage of vehicle content than either, magnesium weighs much less than steel and aluminum, but it still presents some processing issues and is mostly limited to die-cast components. This session discusses more about material sciences and its applications in automobile manufacturing.
A commercial vehicle is any type of motor vehicle used for transporting goods or paying passengers. The European Union defines a "commercial motor vehicle" as any motorised road vehicle, that by its type of construction and equipment is designed for, and capable of transporting more than nine persons, including the driver; goods and standard fuel tanks. This means the tanks permanently fixed by the manufacturer to all motor vehicles of the same type as the vehicle in question and whose permanent fitting lets fuel be used directly both for propulsion and where appropriate, to power a refrigeration system. Gas tanks fitted to motor vehicles for the direct use of diesel as a fuel are considered standard fuel tanks. This session discusses more about commercial vehicle technology and the latest developments in the manufacturing sector.
The Global Automobile Market is growing by leaps and bounds and is on the verge of crossing the 100 million units' threshold in 2019. In 2018, global sales in new vehicles should exceed 98 million posting a +2.5% increase. Positive forecasts in private consumption and corporate investment fueled by rising incomes and still low interest rates will support new registrations in passenger cars viz 74% of the total and commercial vehicles viz 26% in majority of the countries. Yet, the automobile industries face challenging times. We expect a continued growth in China viz +3% to almost 30mn units and most of the European Union at +2%, a recovery in Russia at +5% and Brazil at+3.5%, a stabilization in Japan and South Korea, but also two major exceptions; the U.S at-2% to 17mn units, and the UK at -6%. This session discusses in detail about the global automobile market.
Advances in Automobile Engineering were many. For instance, Toyota’s new Free Piston Engine Linear Generator. In this engine there is no crankshaft and camshaft. Instead of that at the end of the piston an armature coil is there and around is the stator coil. Due to the linear movement of piston, the armature coil changes the amount of magnetic field in stator and due to EMI a 3 phase A.C current is developed which can be converted into D.C and stored in batteries or can directly be send to induction motors or brushless D.C motors which drives the wheel of cars. Toyota is doing intense research on A.C batteries too. Today, it gives Thermal Efficiency of 42% as moving parts are heavily reduced; while cars available give 20–25% efficiency. FPEG operates like a 2 stroke gasoline injected engine and electrically operated valves. It can also be operated on diesel by compressing the mixture instead of spark plugs doing the job. A two-cylinder FPEG is inherently balanced and would measure roughly 8 inches around and 2 feet long. In future, an engine of that size and type could generate 15 hp enough to move a compact electric vehicle at highway speed after its main drive battery has been depleted. This session discusses more about advances in automobile engineering
Applied Mechanics and Design presents basic engineering mechanics concepts in the context of the engineering design process. Combining statics, dynamics, vibrations, and strength of materials is what applied mechanics and design is concerned about. Prevention through Design deals with the broad understanding of occupational safety and health needs in the design process. It should complement condensed introductions to engineering statics, engineering dynamics, and solid mechanics as well as failure theories and dynamic loadings. The real-life design analysis and applications demonstrate how trans-disciplinary applied mechanics and design. This session discusses about the latest developments in applied mechanics and design.
Automation brings in more benefits to several industry segments across all verticals. Manufacturing including food and pharmaceutical, chemical and petroleum, pulp and paper; transportation which include automotive, aerospace, and rail; and utilities which include water and wastewater, oil and gas, electric power, and telecommunications; facility operations which include security, environmental control, energy management, safety, and other building automation.
Automation crosses all functions within industry from installation, integration, and maintenance to design, procurement, and management. Automation includes robotics and expert systems, telemetry and communications, electro-optics, cybersecurity, process measurement and control, sensors, wireless applications, systems integration, test measurement, and many, many more. This session discusses more about the latest developments in automation.
Biomechanics deals with the study of the structure and function of the mechanical aspects of biological systems; at any level from whole organisms to organs, cells and cell organelles, using the methods of mechanics. Biomechanics is closely related to engineering, because it often uses traditional engineering sciences to analyze biological systems. Some simple applications of Newtonian mechanics and or materials sciences can supply correct approximations to the mechanics of many biological systems. Applied mechanics, most notably mechanical engineering disciplines such as continuum mechanics, mechanism analysis, structural analysis, kinematics and dynamics play prominent roles in the study of biomechanics. Biomechanics systems are much more complex than man-built systems. Numerical methods are applied in every biomechanical study. This session discussed more about research in an iterative process of hypothesis and verification, including several steps of modeling, computer simulation and experimental measurements.
Computer Aided Engineering Design is interdisciplinary in nature whose boundaries are still expanding. It draws its core strength from several acknowledged and diverse areas such as computer graphics, differential geometry, Boolean algebra, computational geometry, topological spaces, numerical analysis, and mechanics of solids, engineering design etc. CAED needs to show its strong linkages with Computer Aided Manufacturing (CAM). Computer Aided Engineering Design complements with different biases, like geometric modeling, computer graphics, and CAD/CAM over the last decade. Computer Aided Engineering Design deals with the fundamental concepts of geometric modeling so that a real understanding of designing synthetic surfaces and solid modeling can be achieved. This session discusses computer aided engineering design and its applicability.
Concurrent engineering deals with the study of methods of designing and developing products in which the different stages run simultaneously, rather than consecutively. It decreases product development time and also the time to market, leading to improved productivity and reduced costs. Concurrent engineering emphasizes the parallelisation of tasks is also called simultaneous engineering or integrated product development using an integrated product team approach. It refers to an approach used in product development in which functions of design engineering, manufacturing engineering, and other functions are integrated to reduce the time required to bring a new product to market. All elements of a product's life-cycle from functionality, production, assembly, testing, maintenance, environmental impact, and finally disposal and recycling is discussed in this session of concurrent engineering.
Combustion models for CFD deals with the study of combustion models for computational fluid dynamics. Combustion is defined as a chemical reaction in which a hydrocarbon fuel reacts with an oxidant to form products. Internal combustion engines, aircraft engines, rocket engines, furnaces, and power station combustors, combustion manifests itself as a wide domain during the design, analysis and performance characteristics stages of its applications. With the added complexity of chemical kinetics and achieving reacting flow mixture environment, proper modeling physics has to be incorporated during computational fluid dynamic (CFD) simulations of combustion. This session discusses more about the fuels, fluid dynamics and combustion and the various adequate models incorporated with the Computational fluid dynamic code to model the process of combustion.
Dynamic loads and undesired oscillations increase with higher speed of machines. At the same time industrial safety standards require better vibration reduction. Machinery dynamics deals with model generation, parameter identification, balancing of mechanisms, torsional and bending vibrations, vibration isolation, and the dynamic behavior of drives and machine frames as complex systems. Typical dynamic effects such as the gyroscopic effect, damping and absorption, shocks, resonances of higher order, nonlinear and self-excited vibrations are explained using practical examples. These include manipulators, flywheels, gears, mechanisms, motors, rotors, hammers, block foundations, presses, high speed spindles, cranes, and belts. This session discusses the machinery dynamics lies in the combination of theory and practical applications.
Micromachining deals with the study of fabrication of three-dimensional microstructures and it is the foundation of a technology called Micro-Electro-Mechanical-Systems (MEMS). Bulk micromachining and surface micromachining are two major categories in micro-machining. Various techniques and methods of micro/nano fabrications like focused ion beams, laser ablation, and several other specialized techniques, are being under research and development around the world. The research also further delves into the specifics of micromachining method, design, associate analytical works, experimental set-up, and the final fabricated devices.
Tribology appears to be one of the hot topics at present as OEMs seek after new approaches to ramp up quality. Skoda was fully aware that different lubricants and lubricant amounts affect the quality of the final resulting parts. For example when coils come in it first decoils them to create blanks, and might wash them and re-lubricate them to reduce surface friction, which eliminates the risk of splits during stamping. The challenge was to integrate these approaches in a numerical manner, for all the parts through simulation and thus achieve a new level of product quality. Now TriboForm was tasked with improving a Skoda Fabia front-fender. Generate corresponding TriboForm libraries to accurately mimic the product results in simulation that had a strong correspondence to reality. This session discusses about tribology and reverse engineering and its applications in the fields of mechanical engineering, electronic engineering, software engineering, chemical engineering, and systems biology.